GOD IS SOVEREIGN THEN WHY PRAY

September 12, 2016

Summary

Sermon John 17:1-6

1. God is sovereign, yet Jesus prays
2. Responsibility of Man
3. Limited or Definite Atonement
Johnathan Edwards
John Knox… And more

Sermon Notes

John 17:1-6

17 OVERVIEW

 

The Lord’s Prayer?  Jesus can’t pray – Luke 11:4  And forgive us our sins

The only, detailed prayer

 

Every “True” Christian Recognizes:

  • God’s absolute Sovereignty over all things
  • His eternal Decrees will come to pass
  • God’s ultimate will and purpose will be accomplished

 

Sovereign:

Psalms 115:3 ESV  Our God is in the heavens; he does all that he pleases.

Isaiah 46:10-11 ESV  declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things not yet done, saying, ‘My counsel shall stand, and I will accomplish all my purpose,’  (11)  calling a bird of prey from the east, the man of my counsel from a far country. I have spoken, and I will bring it to pass; I have purposed, and I will do it.

 

Yet Jesus Prays for eternally decreed things:

  • His father’s Glory (1)
  • The Glory of Christ (1), (5)
  • Salvation of his people (2)
  • The keeping of his people (later)
  • The Sanctification of His people
  • Security of His Church
  • God’s love to remain in his Church
  • What he does not pray for, is intersting

 

Sovereign:

Deuteronomy 32:39 NKJV  ‘Now see that I, even I, am He, And there is no God besides Me; I kill and I make alive; I wound and I heal; Nor is there any who can deliver from My hand.

1 Samuel 2:7 NKJV  The LORD makes poor and makes rich; He brings low and lifts up.

 

DIVINE SOVEREIGNTY AND HUMAN RESPONSIBILITY

 

Sovereign:

Ephesians 1:11 NKJV  …we are predestined according to the purpose of Him who works all things according to the counsel of His will,

Responsibility:

John 3:16 ESV  “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.

 

Sovereign:

Romans 9:15 NKJV  “I WILL HAVE MERCY ON WHOMEVER I WILL HAVE MERCY”

Responsibility:

Romans 10:13 NKJV  For “WHOEVER CALLS ON THE NAME OF THE LORD SHALL BE SAVED.”

 

Sovereign:

Job 1:21 NKJV  …The LORD gave, and the LORD has taken away; Blessed be the name of the LORD.”

Responsibility:

James 4:2 NKJV  …Yet you do not have because you do not ask.

 

Sovereign:

1 Corinthians 12:11 NKJV  (11)  Gives the gifts of the Spirit to each one individually as He wills.

Responsibility:

James 1:5 NKJV  If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all liberally and without reproach, and it will be given to him.

 

 

Sovereign:

Proverbs 21:1 NKJV  The king’s heart is in the hand of the LORD, Like the rivers of water; He turns it wherever He wishes.

Responsibility:

1 Timothy 2:1-2 ESV  Pray for  (2)  for kings and all who are in high positions, that we may lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and dignified in every way.

 

GOD IS SOVEREIGN, SO WHY PRAY???

 

Answers:

  • Jesus prayed and he was God in the flesh!
    • Jesus prayed all night before he chose his disciples. Luke 6:12
    • He would withdraw to desolate places and pray. (Luke 5:16)
  • We are commanded to pray
  • God answers prayer
    • Yet, God does not change his mind Numbers 23:19
  • The means by which he accomplishes his will
  • Pray

————————————————————-

Look at Today’s text:

THE GLORY OF GOD AND THE SON

 

  • How can we understand the Glory of God???
  • Before anything was… He was Glory!

 

And now, Father, glorify me in your own presence with the glory that I had with you before the world existed. (John 17:5 ESV)

 

  • Christ has eternal Glory
  • He was sent by God
  • Relinquished this TYPE of Glory
  • His glory didn’t cease but it was veiled (the glory that I had with you)

 

Philippians 2:6-7 ESV  who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped,  (7)  but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men.

 

His glory was lifted up, for all men to see,

As he hung on the cross for you and me

 

  • Who can phantom the height of his glory?
  • Who can understand how low He went?
  • Job? Riches, wealth, friend’s, family
    • All of it stripped away
    • Job was restored
    • Christ was restored
    • Job’s height and depth, teardrop in the vast oceans!
    • Nothing we know can compare

 

John 17:2 ESV  since you have given him authority over all flesh…

 

  • All flesh means, all things are subjected to Him 1 Corinthians 15:22
  • He has rule and authority over all men
  • Every knee will bow, every tongue will confess
  • Depart from me
  • He separates the sheep and the goats

 

4 Point Calvinist

Limited Atonement – Not limited in power

  • God kept Abimelech from sinning with Sarah
  • He could have converted everyone like Paul

 

Definite Atonement – Secured salvation for his sheep

  • Not one drop of blood was wasted
  • God didn’t “hope” some would come, he SECURED it.
  • His sheep hear his voice
  • He died for his sheep

 

Look at these verses

 

John 17:2 …to give eternal life to all whom you have given him.

 

John 17:6 ESV  “I have manifested your name to the people whom you gave me out of the world. Yours they were, and you gave them to me, and they have kept your word.

 

John 17:4 ESV  I glorified you on earth, having accomplished the work that you gave me to do.

 

Sovereign:

John 6:37 ESV  All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out.

John 6:39 ESV  And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise it up on the last day.

Responsibility:

1 Corinthians 1:21 ESV  Yet we preach …it pleased God through the folly of what we preach to save those who believe.

 

Sovereign:

John 6:44 ESV  No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. And I will raise him up on the last day.

Responsibility:

Acts 17:30 ESV  The times of ignorance God overlooked, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent,

 

  • You can’t ignore this, but how to understand it?
  • Whoever is saved, they are saved by God!
  • All man can do is WILLING take himself to HELL!
    • Man is dead in his sins and trespasses
    • No one seeks after God!

 

Example:

 

Great Awakening – Johnathan Edwards

  • Government passed, law after law, after law
  • For 30 years people got worse and worse
  • The more laws the more lawless
  • Drunkards, Prostitutes, Theft, Idolatry, and on and on…
    • Wicked place

But God moved in a great way!!!

  • New England was changed – 2 years! By God
  • Laws won’t change America – Only God
  • Welfare & government programs won’t change America – Only God
  • Religious ceremonies won’t change America – Only God

John Knox – 1513-1572, Scottish Reformer

 

Priest in the Catholic Church

 

Height of penance, rights, rituals and ceremonies

 

This verse:

 

(3)  And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.

 

  • Not man made laws and rules
  • Not ceremonies and rituals

 

How does one know Christ?

  • God reveals Himself to you
    • Pray and ask God to reveal Him to you
      • Pray again
        • Pray again

 

John 6:37 ESV  All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out.

 

John 10:28 ESV  I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand.

 

Now, Pray again,,, knowing GOD IS SOVEREIGN

 

Romans 10:13 NKJV  For “WHOEVER CALLS ON THE NAME OF THE LORD SHALL BE SAVED.”


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